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UPSC, Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT), Fresh and new look April 23, 2010

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Interview with V.P.Gupta of Rau’s IAS Study Circle in Frontline, April 24 – May 7, 2010 issue (vol 27)

V.P. GUPTA of Rau’s IAS Study Circle has been a friend, philosopher and guide to many successful civil servants. He has a philosophy behind his work: to enjoy the journey of life. And his focus is on learning and education and bringing about a different approach to the business. Excerpts from an interview:

Frontline: What are the proposed changes in the civil services examination?

Mr Gupta: There was a lot of speculation about the pattern of changes in the civil services examination for long, but no one knew when and what kind of changes would be there. This speculation was ended by the UPSC Chairman D.P. Agrawal himself while participating in the UPSC Foundation Lecture Series on “Governance and Public Services”.

He said that the UPSC was convinced of the need for important changes in the method of recruitment to the higher civil services. The commission has recommended to the government that a Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT) replace the existing Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination.

Confirming this change in the first stage of the civil services examination, Prithvi Raj Chauhan, Minister of State for Personnel, told the Lok Sabha on March 10, that Prime Minister Manmohan Singh had approved the proposal for the introduction of CSAT in the place of the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination. He said that CSAT was expected to come into effect from 2011.

As per the new pattern, at the Preliminary examination stage, there will be two objective-type question papers common for all the candidates. Both these papers will have equal weightage. The emphasis will be on testing the aptitude of the candidate for the demanding life in the civil service and on the ethical and moral dimensions of decision-making.

The upcoming scheme will have the advantages of (a) testing a candidate’s decision-making skills and aptitude for the civil services, and (b) providing a level playing field for all the aspirants since all the candidates will have to attempt two common objective-type papers.

Frontline: How has the UPSC gone about deciding the content and syllabus in the changed pattern?

Mr Gupta: To decide the exact content and syllabus of CSAT, the UPSC Chairman has constituted a high-power committee under Prof. S.K. Khanna, former Vice-Chairman, University Grants Commission. The committee is expected to submit its report by the end of April, after which the UPSC will formally announce the contents of the syllabi of the two objective-type papers of the CSAT stage.

Frontline: Has the UPSC taken note of the various commissions that were formed to oversee the civil services examination?

Mr Gupta: For the first time, CSAT was advocated by Dr Y.K. Alagh in his Civil Services Review Committee Report, 2001. He recommended major changes in the structure of the examination system. He favoured the idea of testing the candidates in a common subject rather than on optional subjects.

Students at Rau's IAS Study Circle In New Delhi. A file photograph

Frontline: What were the recommendations of the Alagh Committee?

Mr Gupta: According to the report, the structure of CSAT should contain the following:

 (i) Basic awareness (nation and the world): The general awareness of current affairs that has a bearing on public life in India;

(ii) Problem solving and analytical skills: Logical reasoning and decision-making skills (situations from civil service arena to be taken to test reasoning and understanding of problems related to the same).

(iii) Elementaty Arithmetic: Data analysis ability; data interpretation/graphics/charts and so on; quantitative analysis.

This syllabus of CSAT was a proposal to the UPSC. The final shape of the syllabus will be decided after the Prof. S.K. Khanna Committee report.

Frontline: Why do you think these changes have been made?

Mr Gupta: As of now, the changes will be effective only for the first stage of the civil services examination. The nature and pattern of the second and third stages, namely the civil services Main examination and interview, will remain the same.

Most of the committees/commissions constituted by the government/UPSC have advocated laying greater emphasis on the aptitude of the candidates rather than on their knowledge of the subject, arguing that specialists or experts in any particular subject may not necessarily make good civil servants.

The Second Administrative Reforms Commission has also argued that the recruitment process, apart from being transparent, objective, fair and equitable, should ensure that the right type of persons join the civil services.

Frontline: What kind of impact will it have on civil services aspirants?

Mr Gupta: Since the announcement of the change, there has been a lot of discussion, and also fear and anxiety amongst the civil services aspirants regarding the nature of CSAT.

Ever since the announcement about CSAT, I have frequently been asked questions as to what its pattern would be – whether it would be on the lines of CAT [Common Admission Test] or MAT [Management Aptitude Test] or would there be a new format altogether?

My advice to civil services aspirants is: Do not have any apprehensions about CSAT. The basic difference between CAT/MAT and CSAT is that the former is a test for admission to an educational course that is preparatory to a future job. The latter is a recruitment test, where placement is guaranteed in a secure and stable government job, and that too an elite one.

I feel these changes will impart to the present scheme of civil services examination a fresh and new look, which was already overdue.

At the same time, the recommendations of this committee would do away with some other anomalies that were in the existing system as well. Whether or not this facelift of the pattern of the civil services examination gives a new direction and purpose to our bureaucracy, it will definitely make the whole system of selection more objective, humane and transparent. 

http://www.frontline.in/stories/20100507270912000.htm

CIVIL SERVICES APTITUDE TEST – 2011 April 9, 2010

Posted by rausias in Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT), Civil Services Examination 2011, Media.
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WINDS OF CHANGE

In the May 2010 Issue of Competition Success Review 

By V.P. GUPTA – DIRECTOR,  RAU’S IAS STUDY CIRCLE,

There was a lot of speculation about the pattern of changes in the Civil Services Examination since long, but no one was aware, as to when and what kind of changes will be there?  This speculation was ended by the UPSC Chairman, Prof. D.P. Agrawal himself,  while participating in the UPSC Foundation Lecture Series on the “Governance and Public Services”.  He said that UPSC is convinced of the need for important changes in the method of recruitment to the higher civil services.  The Commission has recommended to the Government that a Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT)  replace the exiting Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination, he added.   Confirming this change for the first stage of Civil Services Examination, Minister of State for Personnel, Mr. Prithvi Raj Chauhan told the Lok Sabha on 10th March, 2010 that Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh has approved the proposal for introduction  of CSAT  in place of  the existing Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination.  He said that CSAT is expected to come into effect from 2011.

As per the new pattern,  at the Preliminary Examination stage, there will be two objective type question papers common for all the candidates.  Both these papers will have equal weightage.  The emphasis will be on testing the aptitude of the candidate for the demanding life in civil service, as well as, on the ethical and moral dimensions of decision making.  The upcoming scheme will have the advantages of : (a) testing candidate’s decision making skills and aptitude for civil services, and (b) providing a level playing field for all the aspirants, since all the candidates will have to attempt two objective-type papers, which will be common for all.

To decide the exact content and syllabus of CSAT, UPSC Chairman, Prof. D.P. Agrawal, has constituted a high power committee under Prof. S.K. Khanna, former Vice Chairman, University Grants Commission, to work out the details of  the syllabus for two papers. The committee is expected to submit its report by the end of  April, 2010, after which  UPSC will formally announce the contents of the syllabi of the two objective-type papers of CSAT stage.

For the first time, the Civil Service Aptitute Test (CSAT) was advocated by Dr. Y.K. Alagh in his Civil Services Review Committee Report, 2001.  He recommended major changes  in the structure of  examination system.  He favoured testing the candidates in a common subject rather than on optional subjects. According the Alagh Committee Report the structure of CSAT contains the following  contents -

(1) Basic Awareness (Nation and the World)

The general awareness of current affairs having a bearing on public life in India.

(2) Problem solving and analytical skills

Logical reasoning and decision making skills (Situations from civil service arena be taken to test reasoning and undertanding of problems related to the same).

(3) Elementaty Arithmetic

  • Data analysis ability
  • Data Interpretation / graphics / charts etc.
  • Quantitative

The above mentioned syllabus of CSAT was a proposal to UPSC.  The final shape of the syllabus will be decided after the Prof. S.K. Khanna Committee report.

As of  now, the change will be effective only for the first stage of  the Civil Services Examination.  The nature and pattern of the second and third stages, viz. Civil Services Main Examination and Interview will remain the same.  Most of the committees / commissions constituted by the Government/UPSC  have advocated laying greater emphasis on the apptitude of the candidates than their knowledge of the subject, arguing that specialists or experts in any particular subject, may not necessarily be a good civil servant. 

The Second Administrative Reforms Commission has also argued that the recruitment process, apart from being transparent, objective, fair and equitable, should also ensure that the right type of persons join the Civil Services. 

Since the announcement of the change, there has been a lot of discussion, and also fear & anxiety amongst the civil services aspirants regarding the nature of CSAT.   Ever since the announcement about CSAT.  I have frequently been asked questions as to what would be its pattern?  Whether it wiil be on the lines of CAT or MAT, or will there be a new format, altogether?

My advice to Civil Services aspirants is : Do not have any adverse apprehension about CSAT.  The basic difference between CAT/MAT and CSAT is that the former is a test for admission to an educational course, that is preparatory to a future job.  Whereas the latter is a recruitment test, where once successful, placement is guaranteed in a secure and stable government job, and that too an elite one.

I feel these changes would impart the present scheme of Civil Services Examination a fresh and new look, which was already over­due. At the same time, the recommendations of this committee would do away with some other anomalies as well, which were there in the existing system.

 A final word! Whether or not this facelift of the pattern of the Civil Ser­vices Examination gives a new direction and purpose to our bureaucracy, it will definitely make the whole system of selection more objective, humane and transparent.

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